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The Hebrew root word studies are linked in the text.
1 And the LORD Yehovah appeared to him by the terebinths of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; 2 and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him; and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed down to the earth, 3 and said, “My lord, if now I have found favor in your sight, pass not away, I ask you, from your servant. 4 Now let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and recline under the tree. 5 And I will bring a morsel of bread, and you may comfort your heart; after that you shall pass on; for so you have come to your servant.” And they said, “Do as you have said.” 6 And Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah, and said, “Quickly make ready three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes.” 7 And Abraham ran to the herd, and fetched a tender and good calf, and gave it to the servant; and he hastened to prepare it. 8 And he took cheese, and milk, and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they ate. 9 And they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “Behold, in the tent.” 10 And He said, “I will certainly return to you when the season comes around; and, lo, Sarah your wife shall have a son.” And Sarah heard in the tent door, which was behind him. 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, and well advanced in age; it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. 12 And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, “After I am become old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?” 13 And the LORD said to Abraham, “’Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I surely bear a child, who am old?’ 14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the set time I will return to you, when the season comes around, and Sarah shall have a son.” 15 Then Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh;” for she was afraid. And He said, “No; but you did laugh.” 16 And the men rose up from there, and looked out toward Sodom; and Abraham went with them to bring them on their way. 17 And the LORD said, “Shall I hide from Abraham that which I am doing; 18 seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? 19 For I have known him, that he may command his children and his household after him, that they may keep the way of the LORD, to do righteousness and justice; that the LORD may bring on Abraham that which He hath spoken of him.” 20 And the LORD said, “Truly, the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and, truly, their sin is exceeding grievous. 21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to its outcry, which has come to Me; and if not, I will know.” 22 And the men turned from there, and went toward Sodom; but Abraham stood yet before the LORD. 23 And Abraham drew near, and said, “Will You indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? 24 Perhaps there are fifty righteous within the city; will You indeed sweep away and not forgive the place for the sake of the fifty righteous that are within it? 25 Far be it from You to do so, to slay the righteous with the wicked, that so the righteous should be as the wicked; far be it from You; shall not the Judge of all the earth do justly?” 26 And the LORD said, “If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will forgive all the place for their sake.” 27 And Abraham answered and said, “Behold now, I have taken upon myself to speak to the LORD, who am but dust and ashes. 28 Perhaps there shall lack five of the fifty righteous; will You destroy all the city for lack of five?” And He said, “I will not destroy it, if I find there forty and five.” 29 And he spoke to Him yet again, and said, “Perhaps there shall be forty found there.” And He said, “I will not do it for the forty’s sake.” 30 And he said, “Oh, let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak. Perhaps there shall be found thirty there.” And He said, “I will not do it, if I find thirty there.” 31 And he said, “Behold now, I have taken upon myself to speak to the LORD. Perhaps there shall be twenty found there.” And He said, “I will not destroy it for the twenty’s sake.” 32 And he said, “Oh, let not the LORD be angry, and I will speak yet once more. Perhaps ten shall be found there.” And He said, “I will not destroy it for the ten’s sake.” 33 And the LORD went His way, as soon as He had left off speaking to Abraham; and Abraham returned to his place.
Gen 18:1-33 chiasm
Gen 18:1-19:38 chiasm
Gen 18:1-22:24 Vayeira chiasm
Gen 18:1-21:21 The promised seed strong theme
Gen 18:1-22:24 Annual Vayeira, “And he appeared”
Gen 18:1-22:24 Finding Messiah in Vayeira
Gen 18:1-33 Triennial Vayeira, “And he appeared”
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The Biblical text is from the 1917 Jewish Publication Society edition posted by Mechon Mamre online. I have modernized words, spelling, and grammar, and aligned the verse and chapter numbers to the KJV. The linked studies, chiastic structures, and Scripture pictures are my own and are copyright © Christine Miller. All rights reserved.
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