YHVH appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day. He lifted up his eyes and looked, and saw that three men stood opposite him. Gen 18:1-2
The men turned from there, and went toward Sodom, but Abraham stood yet before YHVH. Gen 18:22
If we read ahead to chapter 19, we see that two of the men (who were angels, as it happens) went to Sodom, while YHVH remained behind and talked with Abraham. Clearly YHVH appeared to Abraham in the form of a man, but since it is true of the Father, that “No one has seen God at any time,” this must be a preincarnate theophany of Messiah Yeshua, “the one and only Son in the bosom of the Father, who has declared Him,” (Joh 1:18).
Moreover, YHVH appears to Abraham to tell him that his wife Sarah shall bear his son, but then Torah takes pains to point out that both Abraham and his wife are old, and Sarah was past the age of child-bearing. In the natural, in other words, it was impossible for her to bear a son, which is why she laughed. Yet she bore the promised seed. Likewise, Mary was a virgin, and in the natural it was also impossible for her to bear a son. Yet she bore the Promised Seed. So Torah prophesied by history, of Messiah Yeshua. This is how Moses wrote about Messiah (Joh 5:46).
One of the signs of Messiah in Torah is the sign of resurrection and life. Death may be certain or seem certain, and yet from death there is resurrection, or a miraculous escape from certain death. The escape of Lot from Sodom is a miraculous escape from certain death. Yeshua taught us that it is the same prophetic type as Noah’s escape from certain death:
“And as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be also in the days of the Son of Man: They ate, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all. Likewise as it was also in the days of Lot: They ate, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they built; but on the day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. Even so will it be in the day when the Son of Man is revealed. In that day, he who is on the housetop, and his goods are in the house, let him not come down to take them away. And likewise the one who is in the field, let him not turn back. Remember Lot’s wife.” Luk 17:26-32
This is history that prophesies, repeated in the prophetic call for God’s people to “Come out of her” – Mystery Babylon the Great (Rev 18:4-5).
Abraham’s ministry of mediation is the ministry of the Messiah, the Messiah being the Promised Seed who was born through Abraham:
“For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus,” 1 Tim 2:5.
Abraham is modeling Messiah’s ministry by prophetic type.
Yeshua is the Seed of Promise. When He comes, there will be neither Jew nor Greek, male or female, but in Him we will walk in peace with each other.
The signs of Messiah in the Akedah include:
God calls Isaac Abraham’s only son, more than once, (vs. 2 and 12), even though Isaac was not Abraham’s only son; Ishmael was also Abraham’s son. God was not being inaccurate, but prophesying of Messiah as His only Son with Isaac as the prophetic type.
The father is called upon to offer his only son as a sacrifice (vs. 2).
The place of sacrifice and resurrection (by type) was a journey of three days (vs. 4).
Abraham fully expected Isaac to be raised from the dead after the sacrifice, as he told the young men they would both return (vs. 5). And in a manner of speaking, Isaac was raised from the dead – his death was certain, but he received his life through miraculous intervention (vs. 12). This is the messianic sign of resurrection and life in Torah.
The wood for the sacrifice was laid upon Isaac to bear to the place of sacrifice (vs. 6).
God Himself will provide the lamb for the sacrifice (vs. 8).
Isaac, as a young man of 25 years, could have resisted Abraham, as an old man of 125 years, if he so chose, when his father bound him to the altar. But he submitted himself willingly to the will of his father (vs. 9).
And although this sign of Messiah is not specifically in the Akedah, it was not physically or naturally possible for Isaac’s mother to bear a son, and yet she received the son of the promise by the miraculous intervention of the Holy Spirit, just as Mary the mother of Jesus also did.