These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua. Num 13:16 KJV
There is no “j” in Hebrew. Jehoshua or Joshua, is in Hebrew, Yehoshua or Yeshua. The name means, salvation, or, Yehovah is my salvation. Yes, this is the same name that Joseph was told to name Mary’s son when He was born. Joshua has been emerging as a type of Messiah, in the same vein as Joseph – the second in command, always faithful to YHVH regardless of the situation.
Out of the twelve spies who spied out the Promised Land, ten of them discouraged the children of Israel to enter the Land, while only two, Joshua for the tribe of Ephraim and Caleb for the tribe of Judah, encouraged the children of Israel to enter the Land. Really, what Joshua and Caleb were encouraging, was for Israel to have faith in YHVH and trust Him. They were encouraging Israel to believe God; that when He told them something, it was the truth (as they did not enter in because of unbelief, Heb 3:19). This is the gospel of grace! We too can only enter in to our promised inheritance of salvation and eternal life, when we believe God and place our trust in Him!
Then YHVH said to Moses: “How long will these people reject Me? And how long will they not believe Me, with all the signs which I have performed among them?” Num 14:11
His people rejected Yeshua, and did not believe Him, even with all the signs which He had performed among them. (But when He was risen, His people began to embrace Him en masse.)
Israel rebelled against going in. Then they received the devastating news that they were not going to enter the Promised Land after all, but were going to spend the remainder of their years wandering in the wilderness eating manna, until every last one of them had died, except for Joshua and Caleb. Unbelief leads to death, but belief leads to life – YHVH makes a distinction between the unbelievers and the believers.
Now notice how good the Lord is to them in the middle of that devastation:
“When you have come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving to you …” Num 15:1
In other words, “Yes, you really messed up big this time, but I am not going back on My word, and you are still going to inherit the land (even if it will be through your children)!”
“And now, I pray, let the power of my Lord be great, just as You have spoken, saying, ‘YHVH is longsuffering and abundant in mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression; but He by no means clears the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generation.’ Pardon the iniquity of this people, I pray, according to the greatness of Your mercy, just as You have forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now.” Moses, Num 14:17-19
Moses many times intercedes on rebellious Israel’s behalf. He seeks to atone for their sin before YHVH even as they are trying to replace him as leader over them, and stone him to death with stones! These same details are near repeats in the life of Yeshua also. This self- sacrificial intercession and turning away the just wrath of God from the willful rebellion and sin of the people, is a prophetic picture of Messiah who is to come.
“Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.” Heb 7:25
“… he who presents his offering to the Lord shall bring a grain offering of one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of oil; and one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering you shall prepare with the burnt offering or the sacrifice, for each lamb.” Num 15:4-5
Bread and wine are to accompany the sacrificial lamb brought before YHVH.
And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.” Luk 22:19-20
The bread and wine is our reminder of the sacrifice the Lamb of God has made on our behalf.