Enki, the Sumerian god of creation. Detail from the adda seal, c. 2300 BC, British Museum. Modern paganism equates him to the Greek god Pan (goat-devil).
Carved horned deity depicted as Shiva from the Indus Valley civilization, 1900 BC.
Bronze Reclining Satyr. Etruscan (northern Italy), late 6th century BC. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.
Pan Chasing a Shepherd. Attic Red ware vase, 470 BC. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Pan temple ruins (pre-Maccabean Hellenistic period), Banias Park, Israel.
Horned deity figure on the Gundestrup Cauldron (Celtic and Scandinavian), 150 BC, depicting elements of Celtic, Thracian (Hellene) and Near-Eastern culture. Note the similarity to the Indus Valley figure.
Pan stele instructions for worship, 1st century BC. Archaeological Museum of Marathon, Greece.
Pavement mosaic with the head of Pan. Roman, 138-192 AD. Genazzano, Italy.
Mask of a satyr, 2nd century AD, Capitoline Museum, Rome.
Classical period satyr sculpture from the Capitoline Museum, Rome.
Classical period detail from Roman sarcophagus, Galleria Doria Pamphilj in Rome. (Cropped).
Drunken Silenus. Roman Parian marble, 2nd century AD.
Bronze street drinking water fountain depicting satyr. Medieval, modeled after Classical.
Detail from Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, 1345.
Satyr stone carving. European, but unknown details. Note the pan pipes.
Satyr architectural detail from the Zvinder Palace, Dresden, Germany.
Renaissance era coffered ceiling. Ortenburg Castle, Bavaria. (Cropped).
Ceiling fresco detail, Homage to Diana by Annibale Carracci, 1602. Palazzo Farnese, Rome (current French Embassy).
Detail from a 1617 book on the Philosophy of Jewish Kabbala. Notice the satyr controlling the measuring line.
Satyr Holding a Basket of Grapes. Peter Paul Reubens, 1577-1640 (Auctioned at Christie’s).
Head of a Satyr. Antoine Watteau, 1684-1721. Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC.
Carved detail in courtyard of Somerset House, London, England. Dated post 1775.
Bust of a satyr, at the entrance to a building on Rue Madame, Paris VI.
Pan playing his flute. Illustration by Helen Stratton, for the frontispiece of A Book of Myths, 1915.
Wiccan horned deity illustration depicting Pan. Unknown source.
In 1966 the Church of Satan was founded by Anton LaVey. Its logo depicts the “sabbatic goat” head inside an inverted pentagram and is used by Satanists around the world.
Baphomet ceiling detail from the lobby of the Pacific Gas and Electric building, San Francisco, California, completed in 1971.
Detroit Satanic Temple bronze figure of Baphomet, unveiled in July 2015.
Screen grab from the Queen’s Christmas message, 2019.
Closeup of the bronze satyr statue carrying away a child decorating the palace fireplace.
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