I could not get over the fact, that in the first strong theme of Mishpatim, from Exo 21:1-27, that while the majority of the paragraph has to do with what constitutes murder, the paragraph opens and closes with conditions in which a slave goes free. But why include something that obviously does not have to do with death, within a paragraph which obviously has to do with death? These puzzles that Scripture sets up stay nagging in my brain, begging to be solved!
And then I realized: we have already seen in Torah, that slavery is a metaphor for death. When Joseph was sold into slavery in Egypt, he was a type of Messiah going to his death, only to be raised up to life (freedom) again, providing life for everyone else through it. This single strong theme which explains murder, and imposes death, is “swallowed up” by its opening and closing paragraphs of slaves going out free. Death swallowed up in freedom, that is to say, life!
Moses took the blood of the covenant, and sprinkled it on the people. Moses is a type of Messiah, and the blood of the covenant that has been sprinkled upon us, is the blood of Messiah which He shed for us. There are other references to Messiah in these chapters. Three is a sign of Messiah in Scripture, and three times per year, Israel was to present themselves before YHVH God. These three feasts are harvest festivals of thanksgiving to YHVH. At the feast of Unleavened Bread, the barley harvest was taken in. The feast of Harvest is also known as Shavuot, Weeks, or Pentecost, when the wheat harvest was taken in. The feast of Ingathering is also known as the feast of Tabernacles, when the fruits harvest of grapes, olives, etc. was taken in. The firstfruits portion of barley, wheat, and fruits, was to be given to YHVH at these festivals. These festivals prophesy of Messiah in amazing ways: