This psalm forms a chiastic structure:
1a) Psa 58:1-2, The unrighteous judgment of the sons of men;
1b) Psa 58:3-5, The waywardness of the wicked who will not repent;
central axis) Psa 58:6-9, The wrath of God which breaks the power of the wicked;
2b) Psa 58:10, The rejoicing of the righteous over the just end of the wicked;
2a) Psa 58:11, The righteous judgment of God.
All the sons of men start out the same: none of them speak righteousness or judge uprightly (1a). But somewhere along the line, each son of man receives an opportunity to repent of their unrighteousness, and to open their hearts to love God, His word, and His ways.
The righteous take that opportunity. The wicked, however, stops their ears like a deaf cobra who will not heed the voice of charmers (1b). That is the only difference between them, initially. But as the righteous open their ears, as they heed the call which has gone out to all Israel: HEAR, O Israel (Deu 6:4), a heart transplant occurs, by the power of the Holy Spirit. God exchanges our heart of stone for a heart of flesh, upon which He has engraved His Torah (Eze 26:26-27). It becomes the nature of the righteous to seek after God, to love Him, and to walk in His ways. The righteous are not perfect, they make mistakes and sin. Even David, the man after God’s own heart, sinned grievously. But the righteous always repent and return, that is their defining characteristic. When the Lord utters His voice, they HEAR Him.
Not all who are biological descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, hear Him. But all who are ISRAEL, do so.
“This is Jacob: the generation of those who seek Him — who seek Your face.” Psa 24:6
Take heart, all you who love YHVH, Creator of heaven and earth! Open your ear to His word, set your feet upon His paths, and be grafted in to the olive tree of Israel through Messiah Yeshua, her Root and Branch!