There are forty years of journeys summarized in 49 verses in Num 33. Many, many things happened to Israel in the course of their forty years of journeying. Only the details of a very few of them are recounted in this summary, so I assume they are included because they are important.
They depart Egypt following the Passover (vs. 3). They pass through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, then they journey for three days into the wilderness (vs. 8). In the entire summary, this is the only extent of time recorded from one place to the next – for a reason! When they arrive in the wilderness, they camp at Marah – where the water was bitter, and YHVH miraculously turned the bitter water sweet (vs. 8). Then they camp at Elim, where there are twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees (vs. 9).
Passover = crucifixion of Messiah Yeshua, our Passover Lamb (1 Cor 5:7)
Crossing the midst of the sea = burial (Col 2:12, 1 Cor 10:2)
Three days to Marah = after three days, resurrection (our bitterness is turned to sweetness)
Oasis of Elim = rest, water, shade, twelve and seventy.
We saw in Num 29 and 30 that the twelve springs of water which nourish seventy palm trees, are the twelve tribes of Israel which nourish the seventy nations (in other words, all the nations) so that the nations may enter into His rest as well, through Messiah Yeshua! Here is Torah, preaching Messiah and the gospel of grace through faith again. ♥
There are to be three cities of refuge on the west side of the Jordan, and three cities of refuge on the east side of the Jordan. Three is a sign of the Messiah in Torah. A city of refuge is a place to which someone who deserves death because of bloodshed, can flee and escape death. Escape from certain death is also a sign of Messiah in Torah, as He is the Resurrection and the Life. A city of refuge prophesies of Messiah, just as the Tabernacle prophesies of Messiah, and the Menorah, and the feast days, and the sacrifices, and the red heifer.
So the congregation shall judge between the manslayer and the avenger of blood, and the congregation shall return him to the city of refuge where he had fled, and he shall remain there until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the holy oil. Num 35:25
Who is the anointed high priest of our confession? Messiah Yeshua (Heb 3:1 – “Messiah” means “anointed one”). It is His death which releases all who are guilty and deserving death because of our guilt, from our deserved consequence. At His death, we are released!