“So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days.” Exo 10:22-23
Three is a sign of Messiah in Scripture, and this is the clue that Scripture gives us that this passage contains a prophecy, teaching, or instruction concerning Messiah. It is in fact a prophecy of the burial of Messiah, who remained in darkness, and did not rise from His place for three days.
The entire 10th plague is the most well- known Messianic prophecy in the Old Testament. In the beginning of YHVH’s contest with Pharaoh, before Moses performed any signs or any plagues had come upon Egypt, YHVH instructed Pharaoh:
“Thus says YHVH: Israel is My son, My firstborn. So I say to you, Let My son go that he may serve Me. But if you refuse to let him go, indeed I will kill your son, your firstborn.” Exo 4:22-23
Of course we know that Yeshua is the Son of God! Here we see Israel as a type of Messiah, just as Isaac was, and just as Joseph was. Israel is also the one nation on the earth who served and worshiped YHVH – they were, and are, His people. He delivered them from bondage in Egypt. He did not deliver them from service, but from service to the Egyptians to service to God, just as He has delivered us from bondage to the kingdom of darkness, to service and worship in the kingdom of His dear Son.
Exo chapter 12 contains the instructions for how this deliverance for Israel was to be accomplished:
1) On the tenth of the month each household shall choose a male lamb without blemish. The lamb shall be kept till the fourteenth day of the month. In the days of its separation, the lamb shall be examined (we find out) to see that it is without blemish.
Mat 21 records Yeshua’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem. In the church, we commemorate that day as Palm Sunday. But in the year that Yeshua was crucified, it was on the tenth day of the first month. Then the questions from the chief priests and authorities commenced, daily, through which He was shown to be a Lamb without blemish.
2) The lamb shall be killed at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. In the year that Yeshua was crucified, He was crucified on the fourteenth day of the first month. Just as the priests were killing the Passover lambs in the Temple, Yeshua cried “It is finished!” and breathed His last.
3) The lamb’s blood shall be applied to the doorposts and lintels of the houses:
“Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.” Exo 12:13
The blood of Yeshua is a sign for us – when YHVH sees His blood upon us, He will pass over us, and death shall not be on us to destroy us, as death is on the kingdom of darkness, and all who are enslaved to that kingdom, to destroy it!
I find it instructive, knowing that Torah is a book of history- prophecy, that the blood was applied to the doorposts of households by the fathers, and all who were within that household were saved from death, by the action of the head of that household. Now I believe that God saves individuals by the blood of Yeshua, and each person must make their own decision for the Lord Jesus! But when His blood is applied to the household by the father, the children are painted with a target on their spiritual heads!
Chapter 13 of Exodus contains the Law of the Firstborn. In fact, three separate times in chapter 13 alone, YHVH commands that the firstborn be set apart to Him: Exo 13:2, Exo 13:12-13, and Exo 13:15b. Three – a sign of Messiah in Scripture! The repetition draws our attention so that we don’t miss what Scripture is teaching!
The firstborn of the Egyptians were subject to death in the 10th plague; however, the firstborn of Israel were redeemed from death by the Passover. In the future, the firstborn of animals were sacrificed to YHVH – they died. The firstborn of donkeys were redeemed with a lamb, and if they were not redeemed, then they also died. The firstborn of men were redeemed with a lamb, and did not die.
Those who are not redeemed by the Lamb, will die. Those who are redeemed, will live!