Messiah continues to leap out from the pages of Exodus! Notice that YHVH showed Moses a tree, so that when he cast it into bitter water, the bitter water was made sweet (Exo 15:23-25). The Hebrew word is Strong’s H6086, a tree, wood, plank, or gallows. The same word is used in the Torah command which Paul quotes in Gal 3:13,
The tree is the cross, which when thrown into bitter waters makes them sweet!
In Exo 16, YHVH teaches Israel Sabbath rest with bread from heaven.
Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.” Therefore they said to Him, “What sign will You perform then, that we may see it and believe You? What work will You do? Our fathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’ ” Then Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, Moses did not give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” Then they said to Him, “Lord, give us this bread always.” And Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst. But I said to you that you have seen Me and yet do not believe. All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out. For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day. And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that everyone who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life; and I will raise him up at the last day.” Joh 6:29-40
YHVH says in Exo 17:6: “I will stand before you on the rock.” YHVH’s presence was there on the rock when Moses struck it so that water would come forth for the people. Could this by why Paul singled out this incident to say:
Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 1 Cor 10:1-4
The history was the provision of natural drink, the application Paul makes is the provision of spiritual drink. The message of the miracle is that it is the presence of YHVH Himself which is life-giving water to His people, just as Yeshua also said,
Jesus answered and said to her, “Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again, but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.” Joh 4:13-14