This chapter describes the annual ceremony by which the High Priest brings the blood of the atonement into the Most Holy Place, to make atonement for the Most Holy Place, the tabernacle, the altar, the priests, and all the congregation of Israel.
… and YHVH said to Moses: “Tell Aaron your brother not to come at just any time into the Holy Place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, lest he die; for I will appear in the cloud above the mercy seat. Thus Aaron shall come into the Holy Place: with the blood of a young bull as a sin offering, and of a ram as a burnt offering. …” Lev 16:2-3
Now when these things had been thus prepared, the priests always went into the first part of the tabernacle, performing the services. But into the second part the high priest went alone once a year, not without blood, which he offered for himself and for the people’s sins committed in ignorance … But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? Heb 9:6-7, 11-14
‘For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.’ Lev 17:11
“Atonement” is in Hebrew, כפר kaphar, Strong’s H3722 (this is the same root that the Hebrew word for “mercy seat” comes from), a primitive root meaning, “to cover over.” The 3-letter root is kaph + pey + resh.
kaph כ, ך = the open palm, thus bend, open, allow, tame
pey פ, ף = the mouth, thus open, blow, scatter, edge
resh ר = the head of man, thus head, first, top,
The story: Covering (kaph) the wound (pey, in the sense that a wound is an opening in the body) of man (resh). I cannot help but think of Noah’s two sons, who covered over their father’s nakedness and so preserved his honor and dignity. And whenever I think of Noah’s two sons doing that, I cannot help but think of Pro 17:9, “He who covers a transgression seeks love.” An English dictionary will reveal that the English word “atonement” comes from the Middle English “at one;” i.e. to bring two separate parties into harmony or unity.
“You shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, which if a man does, he shall live by them: I am YHVH.” Lev 18:5
“To live” is in Hebrew, חיי chayay, Strong’s H2425, a primitive root. The 3-letter root is chet + yud + yud.
chet ח = the wall, thus outside, divide, half
yud י = closed hand, thus work, throw, worship
yud י = closed hand, thus work, throw, worship
The story: The outside (chet) work (yud) a man does (yud, in the sense that action, doing is accomplished with the hand) provides food, thus life for himself and his family. We see that keeping the written Word of God, wherein He gave us His commandments, provides for our physical, natural life on this side of heaven.
What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered. And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness for holiness. For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death. But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. Rom 6:15-23
And we see that the Living Word of God, Messiah Yeshua, provides for our eternal life as a free gift, setting us free from slavery to sin and making us slaves of God and of obedience (to what? to the written Word) leading to righteousness, bearing the fruit of holiness.