Today’s Old Testament chronological reading is in Exodus 3 and 4.
The Psalms/ Proverbs reading is in Psalm 48.
The New Testament reading is in Mark 6.
And God heard 8085 their groaning, and God remembered 2142 His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. And God saw 7200 the children of Israel, and God acknowledged 3045 them. Exo 2:24-25
And YHVH said: I have surely seen 7200 the affliction of My people that are in Egypt, and have heard 8085 their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know 3045 their pains; Exo 3:7
And now, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come to Me; moreover I have seen 7200 the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Exo 3:9
Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them: YHVH, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has appeared to me, saying: I have surely remembered 6485 you, and seen 7200 that which is done to you in Egypt. Exo 3:16
And the people believed; and when they heard 8085 that YHVH had remembered 6485 the children of Israel, and that He had seen 7200 their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshiped. Exo 4:31
Hebrew root words.
To hear. Strong’s H8085 שמע shama, a primitive root meaning, “to hear, to listen.”
To remember. (Exo 2:24) Strong’s H2142 זכר zakar, a primitive root meaning, “to remember.”
To remember. (Exo 3:16, 4:31) Strong’s H6485 פקד paqad, a primitive root meaning, “to visit, to reckon.”
To see. Strong’s H7200 ראה ra’ah, a primitive root meaning, “to see.”
To acknowledge. Strong’s H3045 ידע yada, a primitive root meaning, “to know, to teach.”
The Hebrew shama, “to hear,” implies an action in response. If His children have heard YHVH’s words, then there will be a response of obedience to them. If YHVH hears His children’s cries, then there will be a response of answering them. Hearing without responding, in the Hebraic worldview, means nothing was heard after all.
The two different words for “remember” are interesting. Zakar means to bring to mind the covenant that was cut, when the open palm of blessing was laid upon the head. Paqad means that just as a riverbank encompasses the river, so YHVH God encompasses His children wherever they go, back and forth. So just as shama is a two-step process of hearing and then responding, the two verbs for “remember” indicates a similar two-step process of remembering, and then doing.
“To acknowledge” means more that just God saying, “I am aware of your situation.” Notice that the same verb, yada, is translated as “to acknowledge” in Exo 2:25, and “to know” in Exo 3:7. It means by doing, by acting on, one enters in to knowing. God could not have acknowledged their afflictions unless He had already taken action in regard to them. And so He did, for Moses was born, prepared, called, and equipped to be Israel’s deliverer from their afflictions.
Links to previous studies.
Exo 2:23-4:26, Signs and wonders
Exo 2:23-4:31 Chiastic structure
Exo 3:1-4:17, The call of Moses
Exo 3:1-4:31, The purpose of the signs
Exo 4:18-26 Chiastic structure
Psalm 48 Chiastic structure
Mark 6, Hardness of heart
Mark 6, Offense and pride
Mark 6, Multiplication
Mark 6 Chiastic structure