Today’s Old Testament chronological reading is in Genesis 43 and 44.
The Psalms/ Proverbs reading is in Psalm 43.
The New Testament reading is in Mark 3.
The Psalm 43 chiasm is new for today, as is the Psalm 42 and 43 combined chiasm, both below.
Hebrew root words.
Then He said to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?” But they were silent. Mar 3:4
The Hebrew root words for all the various commands to do no work on the Sabbath, mentioned in the Mark 3 post:
WORK. Strong’s 4399, melakah: One who takes the staff in his palm (walks, goes) at the behest of his superior.
WORK. Strong’s H4639, ma’aseh: Watching for thorns and thistles in whatever the hand finds to do.
LABOR. Strong’s H5647 abad: Knowing what is needed by the household, thus going in and out of the door to provide it.
TOIL. Strong’s H6093 itstsabown: Looking ahead at a lifelong journey to maintain the house and family.
SABBATH. Strong’s H7676 shabbath: Pressing in to home at day’s end, which marks the person as YHVH’s.
On the question of what is lawful on the Sabbath, the Pharisees were at one end of the pendulum, the end that banned every activity, whether it was work to provide income, and the maintenance of one’s occupation, or not. Yeshua was a carpenter before He was baptized. How does healing a withered hand in the synagogue provide for His income? How does it compare to planing timber, and building furniture?
On the other end of the pendulum are many modern Christians, who say that we may ignore one of the Ten Commandments since Yeshua has risen from the dead. Both positions are ignorant of key facts, and the whole counsel of Scripture.
Yeshua brought balance, excising the extreme positions from both ends. He taught the Pharisees that it was lawful to do good on the Sabbath. He taught His followers that not a single jot or tittle has been discarded from the Law, Mat 5:17-19, which includes Sabbath rest. Sabbath rest receives instruction in Torah 43 times, from a quick search; even the command against idolatry is mentioned 41 times for comparison.
Links to previous studies.
Genesis 43:1-15, Chiastic structure
Genesis 43:16-34, Chiastic structure
Genesis 43:24-44:17, Chiastic structure
Genesis 44:1-17, Repeating patterns
Genesis 44:18-34, Judah’s request
Genesis 43 and 44, Judah and Benjamin, prophetic types
Psalm 42 and 43, Reverse parallelism
Training to believe and feel truth
Mark 3, A house divided
Mark 3, What is lawful on the Sabbath